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🆅 Les nombres jusqu’à 20 – Numbers up to 20

Les nombres français de 0 à 20


French numbers from 0 to 20

French numbers 1-20

A1

Vocabulary

5 minutes

Écrit par / Written by: Anthony Lucas

Dernière révision / Last update: 10 April 2024

You will learn in this lesson the numbers in French from 0 to 20. Get the right pronunciation and the correct spelling! You will learn as well how to pronounce these numbers when followed but a noun (yes, the pronunciation can be different…).


Lessons about numbers in French are divided into various steps. If you feel like you know enough about the first 20 numbers, have a look at the next lessons about numbers:

Numbers in French from 20 to 69: Les nombres de 20 à 69

Numbers in French from 60 to 100: Les nombres de 60 à 100

Les chiffres de 0 à 9 – French numbers from 0 to 9

Ecoutons la prononciation des dix chiffres. Let’s listen to the pronunciation of the ten numerical digits.

Chiffre🇫🇷 French
un chiffre
= a numerical digit
0zéro
1un
2deux
3trois
4quatre
5cinq
6six
7sept
8huit
9neuf
numbers in French literature with Les 3 mousquetaires

The book Les 3 mousquetaires

🇫🇷 Les 3 mousquetaires est le plus célèbre des romans d’Alexandre Dumas, écrit au 19è siècle. Il a inspiré de nombreuses adaptations au cinéma, à la télévision et aussi en bande-dessinée.


🇬🇧 The 3 Musketeers is the most famous of Alexandre Dumas’ novels, written in the 19th century. It has inspired numerous adaptations for film, television and also comic strips.

Les nombres de 10 à 20 – French numbers from 10 to 20

Continuons avec la prononciation des nombres de dix à vingt. Let’s continue with the pronunciation of the numbers from ten to twenty.

Nombre🇫🇷 French
un nombre
= a number
10dix
11onze
12douze
13treize
14quatorze
15quinze
16seize
17dix-sept
18dix-huit
19dix-neuf
20vingt

Prononciation des nombres suivis par un nom – Pronunciation of numbers in French when followed by a noun

Les liaisons – Liaisons

In some cases, “liaisons” (links between two words) have to be pronounced when the word following the number starts with a vowel. These “liaisons” are not specific to numbers. These links between words happen between many words.

So here, as an example, we will compare the pronunciation of French numbers followed by the word “professeur (starting with the consonant “p“) and numbers followed by the word “étudiant (starting with the vowel “é“). Professeur means teacher and étudiant means student.

nombrefollowed by the word “professeur”followed by the word “étudiant”
1
un professeur
unétudiant
[n] sound
2
deux professeurs
deuxétudiants
[z] sound
3
trois professeurs
troisétudiants
[z] sound
4
quatre professeurs
quatre étudiants
5
cinq professeurs
cinq étudiants
6
six [si] professeurs
sixétudiants
[z] sound
7
sept professeurs
sept étudiants
8
huit [wi] professeurs
huit étudiants
9
neuf professeurs
neuf étudiants
10
dix [di] professeurs
dixétudiants
[z] sound
11
onze professeurs
onze étudiants
12
douze professeurs
douze étudiants
13
treize professeurs
treize étudiants
14
quatorze professeurs
quatorze étudiants
15
quinze professeurs
quinze étudiants
16
seize professeurs
seize étudiants
17
dix-sept professeurs
dix-sept étudiants
18
dix-huit [wi] professeurs
dix-huit étudiants
19
dix-neuf professeurs
dix-neuf étudiants
20
vingt professeurs
vingtétudiants
[t] sound

You will have more explanations about the liaisons in the lesson Les liaisons obligatoires.

Les cas des 6, 8 et 10 suivis par un mot commençant par une consonne – The cases of 6, 8 and 10 followed by a word beginning with a consonant

You will hear that when the French numbers six (6), huit (8), dix (10) and dix-huit (18) are followed by a word starting with a consonant (the word professeur in this previous example):

➡️ six won’t be pronounced [sis] but [si]
➡️ huit won’t be pronounced [wit] but [wi]
➡️ dix won’t be pronounced [dis] but [di]

numbers in French cinema with 8 femmes

Poster of the film 8 Femmes

🇫🇷 Huit Femmes est une pièce de théâtre policière de Robert Thomas créée en 1958. Elle est adaptée au cinéma plusieurs fois dont la version de François Ozon en 2002 (affiche du film ci-contre), rassemblant de très célèbres actrices françaises : Catherine Deneuve; Isabelle Huppert, Emmanuelle Béart, Fanny Ardant, Virginie Ledoyen et Ludivine Sagnier.
Bande-annonce avec sous-titres en anglais


🇬🇧 Huit Femmes is a detective play by Robert Thomas created in 1958. It has been adapted for the cinema several times, including François Ozon’s version in 2002 (film poster opposite), featuring some very famous French actresses: Catherine Deneuve; Isabelle Huppert, Emmanuelle Béart, Fanny Ardant, Virginie Ledoyen and Ludivine Sagnier.
➜ Trailer with English subtitles

À RETENIR

WORTH REMEMBERING

As a start, don’t worry too much about the liaison between the number and the following word.

Just memorise these numbers until 20 in your everyday life, wherever you live. Every time you see a number, try to remember how to say it in French ✌🏼

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